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The scalp acupuncture originates on the meridian theories and modern anatomy and physiology of the brain. The WHO Proposal was published in 1991 (links). The effectiveness has been validated by tens of thousands of acupuncture practitioners, researchers, and patients.
The Scalp Acupuncture has a wide indication: brain-derived or neurological diseases (stroke, paralysis, hemiplegia, aphasia, tinnitus, Parkinson’s Disease, Huntington disease, dementia, etc.), headache, eye diseases, ear-nose-throat diseases, pain, psychologic and psychiatric diseases, and other diseases.
The Scalp Acupuncture (SA) consists of 14 lines as well as the underlying functional zones of the brain. It proposed the following nomenclature, using the alphabetic code MS (derived from “micro-system” and “scalp point”).
|English name and location||Pinyin name||Han character name||Alphanumeric|
|middle line of forehead 1 cun from GV24 straight down along the meridian||ézhongxiàn||额中线||MS1|
|lateral line 1 of forehead 1 cun from BL3 straight down along the meridian||épángxiàn I||额旁线 I||MS2|
|lateral line 2 of forehead 1 cun from GB15 straight down along the meridian||épángxiàn II||额旁线 II||MS3|
|lateral line 3 of forehead 1 cun from the point 0.75 cun medial to ST8 straight down||épángxiàn III||额旁线 III||MS4|
|middle line of vertex from GV20 to GV21 along the midline of head||dingzhongxiàn||顶中线||MS5|
|anterior oblique line of vertex-temporal from qiánshéncong (one of the four acupuncture points collectively designated as Ex-HN1, 1 cun anterior to GV20) obliquely to GB6||dingniè qiánxiéxiàn||顶颞前斜线||MS6|
|posterior oblique line of vertex-temporal from GV20 obliquely to GB7||dingniè hòuxiéxiàn||顶颞后斜线||MS7|
|lateral line 1 of vertex 1.5 cun lateral to middle line of vertex, 1.5 cun from BL6 backward along the meridian||dingpángxiàn I||顶旁线I||MS8|
|lateral line 2 of vertex 2.25 cun lateral to middle line of vertex, 1.5 cun from GB17 backward along the meridian||dingpángxiàn II||顶旁线II||MS9|
|anterior temporal line from GB4 to GB6||nièqiánxiàn||颞前线||MS10|
|posterior temporal line from GB8 to GB7||nièhòuxiàn||颞后线||MS11|
|upper-middle line of occiput from GV18 to GV17||zhenshàng zhèngzhongxiàn||枕上正中线||MS12|
|upper-lateral line of occiput 0.5 cun lateral and parallel to upper-middle line of occiput||zhenshàng pángxiàn||枕上旁线||MS13|
|lower-lateral line of occiput 2 cun from BL9 straight down||zhenxià pángxiàn||枕下旁线||MS14|